The continuous traffic growth and service demands on the 4G systems, such as, real time streaming, downloading, gaming, smart applications, multiple devices per consumer, autonomous self driving cars, cloudification of systems and much more. The MNO must handle this demand all the whilst ensuring QoS and experience to the end user.
To fulfill these demands the fifth generation of cellular networks was introduced. 5G promises to allow more connections, much higher throughputs, and lower latency.
Ideal for mission critical communications, MEC applications, automatous cars and any strict real time communications
Connection Density (1million devices per km/sq)
Ideal for high connection density deployments such as smart cities, where a massive number of IOT devices will be prominent
Peak Data Rates (20 Gbit/s)
Ideal for interactive streaming, AR applications.
This diagram below describes the 5G usage scenarios using the main 3 use cases as defined by IMT-2020
eMBB, Enhanced Mobile Broadband
URLLC, Ultra Reliable Low Latency Communications
mMTC, Massive Machine Type Communications
All in all, 5G will do much more than significantly improve your network speed. It will allow billions of connected devices gathering and sharing information in real time. It can allow data to be shared with very low, or almost without latency.
Beyond being able to download a full-length HD movie to your phone in seconds (even from a crowded stadium), 5G is really about connecting things everywhere – reliably, without lag – so people can measure, understand and manage things in real time.
Safety and Sustainability
Smarter electricity grids
More connected vehicles preventing road collisions and enabling quicker access for emergency services to accidents
Connected sensors that detect and provide early warnings of natural disasters
Remote access to doctors, specialists for patient diagnosis and care
Production lines automatically reacting to supply and demand
Logistic networks autonomously routing goods based on real-world conditions
Full traceability down to the individual item at warehouses and ports
Remote access to powerful robots and vehicles for improved safety in risky environments
Increased use of IoT in agriculture to efficiently grow crops
Advanced asset tracking, remote control, predictive maintenance and sensor-enabled processes across multiple sectors
Elevating visual experiences
Greater realism in VR, AR and extended reality (XR) with lighter devices
Delivering sensory experiences, like touch, through devices
Stable and reliable connectivity in crowded spaces
New angles and interactions for live and remote event spectators
5G spectrum spans across 0.4 GHz to 100 GHz, low, mid and high band, as such most of the frequencies are in use today and mobile operators are making use of this by DSS, reframing the spectrum they own to launch 5G.
5G frequencies are split into FR1 (4.1 GHz to 7.125 GHz) and FR2 (24.25 GHz to 52.6 GHz)
There have been multiple rounds of spectrum auctions for 5G and currently below is the global status